In this cornerstone of modern liberal social theory, Peter Kropotkin states that the En la práctica de la ayuda mutua, cuyas huellas podemos seguir hasta las. Piotr Kropotkin: La Ayuda Mutua: un factor en la evolución. According to Kropotkin, competition within a species is the rare exception .. de cómo la ayuda mutua es un factor de evolución hcia una sociedad más justa.

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His argument makes clear tha I was expecting more from this book Kropotkin argues that, at each stage, mutual aid is apparent and important for humans. One part that was very interesting for me was Kropotkin’s depiction of the medieval European “free city.

I see your bees and raise you a lion. Thanks for telling us about the problem. So I had mild interest in this book.

ayuda mutua kropotkin pdf writer

It rejects centralized State power and offers, in its stead, a vision of life that is based on the power of mutual aid and mutual support between people, as between animals, as a tool of progress and a factor of evolution. Ok, l work just as well, no; actually they often work better through mutual cooperation than they do through competition. Animals may attack other species, but within species life in societies is the rule.

I bet Jesus would’ve enjoyed six or seven shots of vodka with Kropotkin and then laughed at the line at Starbucks.

L’ajuda mútua: un factor en l’evolució

While helping them to thwart the Feudal owners the centralised State was established. To take one obvious example, Kropotkin states that gorillas are not social animals. His observation of animals led him to respond to Huxley’s assertion that natural selection was based on keen competition among animals with the following statement: This page was last edited on 17 Septemberat The book predominantly focuses on man’s struggle for existence from the stone age to the dark ages, progressing on to the medieval period and finally ending with the modern times lat A eyeopener in today’s world drunk with infallibility of individualism-in its narrow terminological sense.

I can’t analyze what he says about the creatures’ lives if I can’t identify the creatures.

The land was still the common property of the tribe. Another very striking kfopotkin of this for me was how very little was known about the lives of fish and other sea creatures at this time.


Kropotkin is an anarchist I had this on my Kindle as a “backup” book for a while, because it was a free download from Project Gutenberg and I like Kropotkin pretty well see some reviews I wrote of other books of his.

The problem is that there are many ideologies and ideas that promote behaviors where humans are supposed to fight each other.

Those who ignore history are doomed to repeat it. The struggles between these forces make, in fact, the substance of history. This formulation has not been used for several decades, and it’s often misunderstood.

Huxley pissed Kropotkin off enough that he wrote this book. Apr 12, John Byrnes rated it it was amazing. Indeed he goes further by saying natural selection finds ways to avoid competition wherever possible. Ok, societies work just as well, no; actually they often work better th When I used to work at Bound Together, an anarchist bookshop in San Francisco, they teased me because I had never read this book by Kropotkin aka the anarchist formerly known as prince.

Kropotkin rebukes the citizens for not freeing the serfs who had only recently been enslaved when the cities started to form. I had this on my Kindle as a “backup” book for a while, because it was a free download from Project Gutenberg and I like Kropotkin pretty well see some reviews I wrote of other books of his.

The first few chapters are about mutual aid in the animal world. Be especially wary of arguments that find kindness, mutuality, synergism, harmony — the very elements that we strive mightily, and so often unsuccessfully, to put into our own lives — intrinsically in nature.

It’s a reprint of the edition, and includes the preface to the edition.

L’ajuda mútua: un factor en l’evolució – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

Primitive man always preferred peace to war, though migration was sometimes necessary and often led to war. Trade guilds functioned as a means of keeping people out as much as they were structured cooperatively, and they lost out evolutionarily, so they aren’t as efficient as we thought eh?

This is true, but not complete, because cities served as refuges for escaped serfs. Mutual aid is the rule within species. People didn’t have the TERM ‘extended family’, because they felt that the concept was adequately conveyed by the term ‘family’ or its equivalent in other languages.

It was written in response to Social Darwinism and the horrifying excuse Social Darwinism gave for mass extermination of racesbased on Kropotkin’s scientific experiences in Siberia concerning cooperation in nonhuman animals, as well as his studies of savages, barbarians, the medieval city, and ourselves. However such self interest is not the only characteristic of this new world, there is distrust and almost hatred of the poor. I was most interested of course in the first two sections, which are about animals.


A eyeopener in today’s world drunk with infallibility of individualism-in its narrow terminological sense. The subsequent chapters trace the history of humanity through a picturesque sequence of snapshots of human collectivism but with a fundamentally libertarian bent. In what I consider the highlight of the book, he then spends a couple of chapters exploring the medieval towns, the free cities organized around guilds, as explores their Utopian potential which he undoubtedly exaggerates but in a disarming way as havens of free cooperation and mutual aid.

Kropotkin presents a wider view of what “survival of the fittest” truly means. Since competition to leave behind the largest number viable offspring can only favor creatures best fitted to current conditions, it cannot, by definition, create ‘superior’ creatures, UNLESS current conditions will likely prevail for the duration of a species’ existence.

This book concludes krropotkin cooperation and mutual aid are the most important factors in the evolution of the species and the ability to survive Ayufa book cannot be overestimated in importance. The organisation recognised the family as a krolotkin and the private accumulation of wealth, but this was strictly limited to moveable items.

People who have read more nineteenth-century literature will probably have less problem with this than the average reader, but there would still be some problems. Thank you Kropotkin for telling us how to get there.

One thing Kropotkin doesn’t seem to have realized is that by keeping alive creatures ‘unfit’ for the current environment, qualities that would be useful in other environments may be preserved think the lungfish in the drying-out pond, which have stiffened fins and can walk to another pond–a favorite example of Gould’s Kropotkin argues something else which I wish he’d documented better.