SOPHISMS. Frédéric. Bastiat. Translated from the French and Edited by. ARTHUR GODDARD. Introduction by. HENRY HAZLITT. Foundation for Economic. Economic Sophisms [Frédéric Bastiat, Arthur Goddard, Henry Hazlitt] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The essays in Economic Sophisms. Bastiat’s “Economic Sophisms”, translated by Dr. Patrick James Stirling, were eagerly welcomed by students of political economy who were not really familiar.

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These rich yet soil-exhausting plants will come at just the right time to enable us to put to profitable use the increased fertility that the breeding of cattle will impart to the land. A certain number of our fellow citizens will devote themselves to struggling against it, and this obstacle will make their fortune. Bastiat makes the complicated easy and the obscure clear with his examples.

Economic Sophisms by Frédéric Bastiat – Free Ebook

Moreover, free trade also equalizes the conditions of enjoyment, of satisfaction—in short, of consumption. And see how absurd the result will be.

I propose to trace this illusion to its source.

Hence, it follows that to consult solely the immediate bastiaf of the producer is to have regard for an antisocial interest; whereas to consider as fundamental solely the immediate self-interest of the consumer is to take the general interest as the foundation of social policy.

You may say, “Here is a machine that has put thirty workmen sophims on the street. Bastiat was not primarily an original economic theorist. What Nature has contributed to the products in the exchange is given by both parties to the transaction free of charge and into the bargain, whence it follows necessarily that exchange carried on with the countries most favored by Nature is the most advantageous. Jun 21, Doc Opp rated it it was amazing.

Bastiat’s early life, however, was not primarily that of a scholar. Man produces in order to consume. However marvelous this discovery was, one might, at first sight, have hesitated to decide whether it was harmful or beneficial.


Economic Sophisms (FEE ed.) – Online Library of Liberty

And so that there might be no mistaking his meaning, His Excellency has taken the trouble to explain his ideas more fully; and just as he has called the intensity of labor wealth, so he can be heard calling the abundance of the results of labor, or of things suitable for satisfying our wants, poverty.

Let us revert to the sophism based on the premise of the domestic tax burden. I present this theory to you, gentlemen, just as I do all the others that have been the subjects of the preceding chapters. That the supply of the product he wants be extensive, and the demand limited.

Economic Sophisms by Frédéric Bastiat

As we make note of his th birthday, perhaps we should raise a toast to the man whose ideas — in all their adopted formats — have done so much for the cause of liberty.

Sometimes Bastiat does this using statistics, sometimes using humorous polemical language, sometimes using imaginary dialogues that show the French taxpayer of bxstiat midth century what his taxes were going towards, and sometimes through responding eclnomic to letters written to him by his readers.

Or, “Here is a spendthrift whose behavior encourages every branch of industry. We want gastiat other iron to be on the market but our own, whatever may be the public need for it, precisely because this need, keenly felt and incompletely satisfied, brings us a high price: Bastiat has a rare reputation as an economist who could write in clear language.

And to whose profit? We come to offer you a wonderful opportunity for applying your—what shall we call it? Seeing this, theorists attempt to found a system on the basis of these attitudes on the part of individuals and declare that need is wealth, that labor is wealth, and that the obstacle to well-being is well-being itself. He may extend his secret wishes to fantastic or absurd lengths; yet they will not cease to be in conformity with the interests of his fellow man. His insights have been appropriated by dozens of prominent thinkers.


But it is fallacious to argue that a country, simply because it has a heavier tax burden than its neighbor, should protect itself by tariffs against the competition of its rival, and this is the sophism I propose to attack.

From the second, the argument would lead to an opposite conclusion. Gaulthier would have us believe; for the whole Chamber, including M.

I propose to examine it carefully, and to this end I solicit the reader’s attention and patience. The present law seems to me to recognize the fact that it is not true, as economists have declared, that when we buy, we necessarily sell a corresponding quantity of merchandise.

It gets a bit repetitive at times, but I think you have to be to get into the reductio ad absurdum reasoning. It is not really the oxygen that I am paying for, since it is everywhere at my disposal, but the labor needed for isolating it, labor that I have been spared and that I must pay for.

It is evident that, if Nature did for the latter what it does for the former, the prices of both would tend to become equal. Then the statesmen take over. But it is still the labor connected with these things that I am paying for. A brilliant series of essays on the perils of tariffs, subsidies, protectionism, and otherwise government restrictions on free markets.

Sopuisms was no longer the only econo,ic others imitated him.