Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In [8] it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.

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Another work known as the Arya-siddhanta is really only known through references to it in the works of Varahamihira, Brahmagupta, and Bhaskara I.

Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India. As mentioned, they were translated as jiba and kojiba in Arabic and then misunderstood by Gerard of Cremona while translating an Arabic geometry text to Latin. It is really not even known were for sure he was born as Ashmaka. Aryabhata lived in Kusumapura near modern Patnaand Brahmagupta is said to have been from Bhillamala modern Bhinmalwhich was the capital of the….

This problem was also studied in ancient Chinese mathematics, and its solution is usually referred to as the Chinese remainder theorem. Aryabhata mentions “Lanka” on several occasions in the Aryabhatiyabut his “Lanka” is an abstraction, standing for a point on the equator at the same longitude as his Ujjayini.

He served as the head of an institution kulapa at Kusumapura and might have also been the head of the Nalanda university.

On the one hand, greater cycles were calculated in order to include the revolutions of…. He may have believed that the planet’s orbits as elliptical rather than circular.

Aryabhata II

Pictures of Aryabhata Image Credit. Its author, Aryabhata I c. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Along with the trigonometric tables, they came to be widely used in the Islamic world and used to compute many Arabic astronomical tables zijes. He correctly deduced that the orbits of the planets are ellipses; this is another great discovery not credited to him but to Johannes Kepler a German astronomer, born AD He asserted that the planets shine due to the reflection of sunlight, and that the eclipses occur due to the shadows of moon and earth.


Although dates were difficult to compute, seasonal errors were less in the Jalali calendar than in the Gregorian calendar. Later in the 12th century, when Gherardo of Cremona translated these writings from Arabic into Ayrabhata, he replaced the Arabic jaib autobipgraphy its Latin counterpart, sinuswhich means “cove” or “bay”; autibiography comes the English word sine.

Later, when Muslim scholars translated this work into Arabic, they retained the word jiva without translating its….

Aryabhatiya ends with spherical astronomy in Golawhere he applied plane trigonometry to spherical autobiograpphy by projecting points and lines on the surface of a sphere onto appropriate planes. His name, time and provenance” PDF. This type of calendar requires an ephemeris for calculating dates. LallaBhaskara IBrahmaguptaVarahamihira. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. It can be said the work is written in a manner not dissimilar from the sutra literature crafted at the time.

The United Nations UN …. Indian Journal of History of Science.

Autobiography of aryabhatta

Some of his works are cited by Al-Khwarizmi, and in the 10th century by Al-Biruni. Some archaeological evidence suggests that he came from the present day Kodungallur, the historical capital city of Thiruvanchikkulam aryabhafa ancient Kerala – this theory is strengthened by the several commentaries on him having come from Kerala.

This biography profiles his childhood, life, works, achievements and timeline. Instead of the prevailing cosmogony in which eclipses were caused by Rahu and Ketu identified as the pseudo-planetary lunar nodeshe explains eclipses in terms of shadows cast by and falling on Earth. Privacy Policy Aryabahta Cookies.


Aryabhata Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

The university is governed by Bihar State University Act However, in Arabic writings, vowels are omitted, and it was abbreviated as jb. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. A verse mentions that Aryabhata was the head of an institution kulapa at Kusumapura. In Aryabhatiya, Aryabhata provided elegant results for the summation of series of squares and cubes through well tried formulae. In the case of Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, they move around the Earth at specific speeds, representing each planet’s motion through the zodiac.

Aryabhata himself one of at least two mathematicians bearing that name lived in the late 5th and the early 6th centuries at Kusumapura Pataliutraa village near the city of Patna and wrote a book called Aryabhatiya. This is not the Lanka that is now known as Sri Lanka; Aryabhata is very clear in stating that Lanka is 23 degrees south of Ujjain.

In the case of Mercury and Venus, they move around the Earth at the same mean speed as the Sun. The Works of Aryabhata Aryabhata is known for one very great work and this would be the Aryabhatiya. Archived from the original PDF on 31 March While there is a tendency to misspell his name as “Aryabhatta” by analogy with other names having the ” bhatta ” suffix, his name is properly spelled Aryabhata: Archived PDF from the original on 18 March